Fascia is the soft, connective tissue that surrounds our muscles, organs and anatomical structures.
Myofascial pain syndrome refers to a chronic condition in which people feel mild to severe pain in their neck and back as well as other muscles throughout the body. Pain may be experienced as a stabbing or burning sensation, or a dull or throbbing ache, and may be associated with other symptoms such as headaches, numbness, limited range of joint motion, popping sounds, or diminished balance, vision or memory.
Symptoms often include small, tight knots known as trigger points, which develop as painful bumps under the skin where the fascia and muscle tissue come in contact. Pressing on these trigger points can be painful and cause the underlying muscle to twitch. Although the specific cause of myofascial pain syndrome is unknown, it sometimes appears with other disorders, including fibromyalgia or depression, or after muscles are injured or tired.
Pain management medication and therapies can be effective in treating myofascial pain syndrome.